"Burn" is a broader term than many think. Most people believe heat causes burns, but the medical definition of a burn has more to do with the depth of damage, not the cause.
Burns can be thermal (from extremes of heat or cold), chemical (such as acid), or radiant (sunburn, x-rays or artificial ultraviolet rays from a tanning booth). All the mechanisms cause skin damage and you should treat them similarly.
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A burn is damage to the skin or tissues caused by contact with an electrical current or a hot source. Burns can be classified as
First,Second, Third and Fourth degrees. First-degree burns involve only the outer layer of skin, which is the epidermis. These burns usually appear red and swollen. There is no blistering with first-degree burns.
These burns usually heal within 3-6 days without permanent scarring. Second-degree burns involve the epidermis and some or all of the dermis. (The dermis is the layer below the epidermis.) Blistering is usually noted with second-degree burns, which are red in color.
However, a deep second-degree burn may appear white in color and often is not painful. Second-degree burns usually heal in 10-21 days, but may be associated with significant scarring.
Third-degree burns involve the entire dermis and destroy the hair follicles and sweat glands. These burns are white in appearance and also are not painful. Third degree burns require skin grafting to heal properly. Fourth-degree burns occur when the injury extends to the bone, and are often seen with electrical burns.
Minor Burn Treatment
1.Immediately after the minor burn injuries or injury, hold the affected part of the body under running water for some time to cool it.
2.Next, you should see to it that the wound is cleaned properly.
Wash the wound with soap.
3.Using ice water and applying ice to the burned injury may lead to frostbite and is considered to be of more harm than good to a minor burn.
4.Apply antiseptic cream or aleo-vera to the affected part to sooth and cool it. If these things are not readily available you can use honey.
5.In an extreme case, apply mineral or petroleum jelly to cover the wound.
6.It is advisable to leave a minor burn open.
Home Remedies for Minor Burn
Burns are among the most common of all injuries and there are probably none among us who have not suffered burns at some point of time in our lives.
Burns are injuries that are caused due to exposure to excessive heat as from a fire, sun exposure and so on, or due to certain heated fluids like oil, or because of exposure to electricity or certain chemicals. While there are a variety of methods by which we may suffer burns, the severity and extent of burn injuries also varies greatly.
Most cases of burns that we are all familiar with and will have suffered at some point are minor or first degree burns that are non-threatening and not really much cause for worry.
Burns of this nature do not really require any medical attention at most times and simple home remedies for burns and blisters from common misadventures in the kitchen with boiling water or oil will suffice.
Burns of this nature will cause pain but the use of home remedies for such burns should offer considerable relief and can also help prevent or minimize scarring. Burns can however be a lot more severe and result in death, which is why severe burns require emergency medical attention.